Top Tips for a Safe Stay at the Hospital

Johns Hopkins SAT Scores and GPA

Top Tips for a Safe Stay at the Hospital | Johns Hopkins Medicine

What are Johns Hopkins's average SAT scores and GPA? In this guide, we'll discuss what scores are needed for you to get admitted into Johns Hopkins. You'll also get to calculate your own chances with our admissions calculator.

Location: Baltimore, MD

This school is also known as: JHU, Johns Hopkins University

Johns Hopkins Admissions Statistics

There are three critical numbers when considering your admissions chances: SAT scores, GPA, and acceptance rate. All these combine to tell you what you scores are required to get into Johns Hopkins University.

The average SAT score composite at Johns Hopkins is a 1505.

Johns Hopkins SAT Score Analysis (New 1600 SAT)

The 25th percentile New SAT score is 1450, and the 75th percentile SAT score is 1560.

In other words, a 1450 places you below average, while a 1560 will move you up to above average. There's no absolute SAT requirement at Johns Hopkins, but they really want to see at least a 1450 to have a chance at being considered.

Here's the breakdown of new SAT scores by section:

Section Average 25th Percentile 75th Percentile
Math 770 740 800
Reading + Writing 735 710 760
Composite 1505 1450 1560

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The average GPA at Johns Hopkins is 3.92. This makes Johns Hopkins Extremely Competitive for GPAs.

(Most schools use a weighted GPA 4.0, though some report an unweighted GPA.

With a GPA of 3.92, Johns Hopkinsrequires you to be at the top of your class. You'll need nearly straight A's in all your classes to compete with other applicants. You should also have taken plenty of AP or IB classes to show your ability to excel in academic challenge.

If you're a junior or senior, your GPA is hard to change from this point on. If your GPA is at or below the school average of 3.92, you'll need a higher SAT score to compensate and show that you're prepared to take on college academics. This will help you compete effectively with other applicants.

The acceptance rate at Johns Hopkins is 11.5%. In other words, of 100 students who apply, only 12 are admitted.

This means the school isvery selective. Scores are vital to getting past their first round of filters. After that, you will need to impress them beyond just your academic scores.

Because this school is extremely selective, getting a high SAT score and GPA is vital to having a chance at getting in. If you don't pass their SAT and GPA requirements, they'll ly reject you without much consideration.

To be safe, you should aim for the 75th percentile, with a 1560 SAT and a 3.92 GPA or higher to be above average.

This is only part of the challenge – after this, you'll need to impress them beyond your academic scores, with your accomplishments and extracurriculars. But if you apply with a 1505 SAT or below, you unfortunately have a small chance of getting in.

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What are your chances of admission at Johns Hopkins University?Chances of admission with these scores:

Here's our custom admissions calculator. Plug in your numbers to see what your chances of getting in are.

Pick your test:New SATACT


5 Tips for Preventing Tick Bites and Lyme Disease from Johns Hopkins

Top Tips for a Safe Stay at the Hospital | Johns Hopkins Medicine

Lyme disease is an infection transmitted by ticks. The risk of Lyme disease is year round but the highest risk window is late spring into early summer. Over 300,000 new cases of Lyme disease are estimated to occur every year in the United States.

That makes Lyme disease the most frequent tick-borne infection in North America. The ticks that transmit Lyme disease, deer ticks, are very small and difficult to see. They’re about the size of a pinhead when they come out in late spring and early summer.

Here are five tips to help you prevent tick bites and getting Lyme disease.

1) Create a tick-free zone around your house

  • Keep your lawn well manicured
  • Create a tick barrier between your lawn and taller grasses or brush
  • Eliminate mouse habitats
  • Add a deer fence to protect your garden

The first principle in creating a tick-free zone is to have an inner area that is well-manicured.

Lawns that are well mown and grass that is well sheared will keep the tick habitat away from your home.

Separate this tick-free habitat from the woods with a tick barrier, a several-foot-wide strip of wood chips or bark that separates your well-manicured yard and lawn from the perimeter brush around the edge of your yard.

Ticks get Lyme disease from mice, and so it’s important to eliminate the mouse habitats around your yard. This includes eliminating wood piles and rock piles where the mice tend to live and breed. Gardeners may also try to keep deer their tick-free zone with an eight-foot deer fence. This can be installed by professionals or by yourself.

2) Enjoy the outdoors safely

  • Avoid exposure in wooded, overgrown areas.
  • Stay on marked trails when hiking.
  • Stay tall grass & un-cleared areas of the forest floor.

Going for a walk or a hike? Stay in the middle of the paths, away from the high grass and brush that may be on the edges of your hiking trail. Avoid going into the tall grass and brush if you can.

Sports and athletic fields with well-groomed sunny grass areas are safer. However, make sure to stay the brush and tall grass at the edges of the fields when possible.

3) Protect yourself, your children, and your pets by wearing protective clothing treated with tick pesticides and treating your skin with insect repellent

  • Wear protective Clothing.
  • Long sleeves, long pants tucked into socks, & shoes.
  • Avoid going barefoot or wearing open-toe sandals/shoes.
  • Use insect repellent such as DEET on the body or Permethrin on clothes.
  • Review safety information; assess the risks/benefits of these products.
  • Many doctors consider them unsafe for use on children. Use discretion and consult your doctor before using. Do not use on children under 3.

Lightweight long pants and long shirts are great for hiking as they prevent ticks from getting on your skin. Permethrin is a commonly-used tick pesticide that’s applied to clothing, not to your skin.

Permethrin is a unique chemical because it does not need to be reapplied frequently. It stays bound to the material of your clothing and needs only to be reapplied every few months.

In addition to treating your clothing with permethrin, you can also use an insect repellant on your skin to repel ticks. Deet is a commonly-used tick repellent that can be applied to the skin safely in adults and children. It must be applied every two to three hours in warm weather. Apply by spraying on to the exposed surface of the skin and allowing it to dry in place.

When you’re done enjoying the doors, it’s a good protective habit to shower immediately. This may wash off ticks that have gotten onto you. Wash and dry your clothes immediately.

Choosing an Insect Repellent

To make the most informed risk reduction and health protection decision, look for EPA-registered products that give protection-time information on the label. Make sure the product label tells you:

  • Insects it protects against
  • Length of time it provides protection
  • Names and percentages of active ingredients in the product

Protection times on product labels are based upon information submitted to EPA by manufacturers using approved testing methodology. Look for an EPA registration # on the insect label.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend the use of products registered by EPA. This number means the company provided EPA with technical information on the effectiveness of the product against mosquitoes and/or ticks.

For protection over an extended period, use a product with a protection time that fits your level and duration of activity. The length of time you are protected can vary depending on:

  • Physical activity/perspiration
  • Water exposure
  • Air temperature
  • Application according to label directions

Re-apply repellent according to label instructions

The label is your guide to using these products safely and effectively.

Considering all of this information will lead to informed decision the on the product that’s right for you.

Protecting Your Children

It’s very important to use protective measures for your children as well. Any kind of pesticides or repellents should be used with caution, and it’s important to discuss the use of these with your pediatrician before using them.

Protecting Your Pets

It’s also important to protect your pets from Lyme disease. It’s important to consult with your veterinarian about approved products for tick repellents for your pets as well.

4) Perform tick checks after coming in from the doors and showering

  • The risk of getting Lyme disease is greater the longer a tick is attached. Therefore, doing tick checks is important so they can be removed before they transmit Lyme disease.
  • Shower daily.
  • Common sites of attachment: behind knees, underarm, scalp, navel, groin, buttocks, back.

The most important thing is to get ticks off of you before they attach and have the chance to transmit Lyme disease.

Tick checks are performed two ways:

  • Physical Inspections or feeling for ticks, because ticks are very small, and sometimes aren’t seen. By feeling for ticks, you may discover ticks that are in hidden areas, such as behind your knee or in your armpit, where you wouldn’t be able to easily see them.
  • Visual inspections should be done as well, looking for the very small pinpoint-sized dark specks that are the nymph stage ticks present at this time of the year.

You may need help from somebody to look on your back for ticks. Parents should inspect their child’s entire body daily for ticks.

5) Remove ticks once found immediately by grasping them with a tweezer and pulling them off of the skin

The quickest way to remove a tick is with tweezers. Grasp the tick between the head of the tick and the skin and to pull firmly but gently away. Sometimes, this will leave behind small black mouthparts of the tick in the skin.

Don’t worry, these small mouthparts do not transmit Lyme disease and should be left alone.

Never try to dig out the mouthparts of the tick with any type of needle or blade, just leave them in place and they will work their way out on their own.

The most important point is to remove the tick quickly. Removing a tick in the first 24 hours dramatically reduces the risk of Lyme disease, and is your best protection in preventing yourself from getting Lyme disease.

Using these five tips to prevent Lyme disease can help you enjoy the doors safely, help you to avoid tick bites, and help you to avoid getting Lyme disease.

What to Do After A Tick Bite

If you or a loved one is bitten by a tick you’ll want to remove the tick immediately. Dr. Aucott explains what to do after a tick bite.


27 nurses share their best tips for self-care during the COVID-19 pandemic

Top Tips for a Safe Stay at the Hospital | Johns Hopkins Medicine

Anuja Vaidya () – Thursday, May 14th, 2020 Print  | Email

As the pandemic rages on, the nurse community is at the forefront of the crisis, putting their physical and mental health at risk.

Here, 27 nurses share advice on how they protect themselves against burnout and handle stress during this unprecedented public health crisis.

Note: The following responses were edited for length and clarity.

Question: What is your best self-care tip while working on the front lines of the pandemic?

Kimberly Ortmayer, RN. Clinical Supervisor at Atrium Health's Levine Children's Hospital (Charlotte, N.C.): I personally have three self-care tips while working on the front lines of this pandemic.

First, I take 10 minutes after I park my car to just take some deep breaths and think of three positives in my life. This helps center and calm me before I walk into work.

Second, when I am off, I have at least one “no phone day,” as my 8-year-old daughter calls it.

Third, the Peloton [exercise bike]. I can just put my headphones on and for a short period of time I can just clear my mind and sweat it out.

Leigha Fallis, RN. Chief Nursing Officer at Piedmont Rockdale Hospital (Conyers, Ga.): My advice to nurses or healthcare staff is to always take good care of yourself first so that you can provide good care to your patients. It is always important to eat well, exercise and get plenty of rest, but this is even more important during this pandemic.

Kristin Christophersen, DNP, RN. Chief Nursing Officer at Fountain Valley (Calif.) Regional Hospital & Medical Center: The best self-care is to take time for yourself — to mentally and physically regroup. Nurses are not good at caring for themselves. We are givers and forget about ourselves. Self-care might be exercise, meditation or simply spending time with family.

My personal self-care is being with family on the beach (when it reopens!). The sound of the waves and bright sun remind me how in the anger of the surf, the calm always follows. And who can't be happy when there is a big bright sun smiling at you and giving warmth!

Jade Flinn, RN. Nurse Educator for the Biocontainment Unit at Johns Hopkins Medicine (Baltimore): The best self-care tip while working on the front lines is to know that is OK to not be OK I think we as nurses feel the need to stay strong and unwavering so as to keep up this “hero” image.

Although us standing resolute in the midst of crisis does give those around us a sense of security that someone has things under control, we must remember that we are still human. Our kryptonite may be hubris and our need to be anything and everything for our patients and team.

However, to be able to show up and give all of ourselves day in and day out, we have to be able to turn that inward and fill ourselves up. We must take care of ourselves so that we can take care of others.

Tracy Stark, RN. Nurse at St. Luke's Health System (Boise, Idaho): I find that in any crisis situation it is a natural response to quickly do what you can to address the crisis.

In our situation here in the medical/surgical unit, I made sure I paused before acting, to take safety measures [into account] first. If I'm not safe, it's not going to help others or myself.

I realized that I wasn't paying attention to my basic needs:water, nutrition, rest and exercise.

I made sure I stayed hydrated by keeping a bottle of water nearby and made healthier food choices in snacking, even with the generous outpouring of food from the community.

I took the stairs instead of the elevators — part of my exercise routine — and got out in the fresh air every day after work.

Michelle Patch, PhD. Assistant Professor at Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing (Baltimore): I find that stepping away and power walking, if only for five minutes, helps me clear my head and refocus on priorities: our patients, families and staff.

Also, humor is incredibly powerful and has really lifted me up during difficult moments.

Robyn Beall, RN. Nurse at St. Luke's Health System (Boise, Idaho): Take one minute to intentionally pull your shoulders back and take three to five deep breaths.

[This] resets my attitude.

Kristen Frost. Critical Care Clinical Nurse Specialist at AdventHealth Shawnee Mission (Merriam, Kan.): I would encourage people to reach out for counseling services.

So often, people are too proud to ask for help with mental health and are concerned about the perceived stigmas that asking for help may carry. Nurses are always working to care for others but often forget to care for themselves.

Jessica (Danielle) Major, RN.

Nurse in the Medical/Surgical Unit at AdventHealth Hendersonville (N.C.): My best self-care tip while working on the front lines of the pandemic is to work outside in the yard.

Cheryl Connors, DNP, RN. Patient Safety Specialist at Johns Hopkins Hospital (Baltimore): The best self-care tip while working on the front line is paying attention to your emotional, psychological and/or physical stress response. I do this by identifying how I am responding to stress.

Many of the feelings that have been showing up for me at various times include feeling sad, angry, anxious, tired, frustrated, agitated, scared and disengaged. Once the feeling appears, I find a space to acknowledge the feeling. I will do this with myself or with a colleague.

Once I acknowledge the feeling, I can apply a grounding strategy to help me relieve some stress.

Almost daily, I remind myself of my potential stress responses and the strategies that I find effective to help me address my stress. Some examples of grounding strategies are breathing and noticing what you feel as you take time to intentionally fill yourself with air. Breathing can help me get back to a state of less intense emotion.

My favorite strategy is to think about a resource in my life, such as my cat. She makes me feel so happy. Knowing that at the end of the day, I can go home and snuggle with her brings me comfort. I also look forward to having a cup of coffee on my porch in the morning.

Knowing that I can do that tomorrow floods me with feelings of joy and relaxation.

So, my self-care tip would be to pay attention to yourself. Identify your stress responses and accept them as normal. Then list some grounding strategies that you can use anywhere at any time to lessen your feelings of stress.

Monica Powers. Assistant Chief Nursing Officer at AdventHealth Shawnee Mission (Merriam, Kan.): In order to provide whole-person care during my time at work, I need to take time for myself.

It is amazing what a few minutes alone to breathe deeply, say a prayer or just listen to the birds outside can do for my mind. This small reset has been a daily necessity throughout this pandemic.

Taking advantage of these small moments helps me to be balanced at work and at home.

Thomasina Jones. Nursing Manager-Pediatrics Ambulatory Care at MetroHealth System (Cleveland): Reflect on the top three positive things that happened during the day while incorporating meditation.

Carolyn Hopper, RN. Administrative Director, Clinical Operations at AdventHealth Hendersonville (N.C.

): My advice is to take a few minutes each day to totally disconnect, whatever that means for you. We are all experiencing sensory overload, too much information, too much noise, too much communication. Find a quiet, calm space to unwind for a period of time and allow yourself to recenter and reconnect with yourself.

Stephanie Wise. Chief Nursing Officer at AdventHealth Shawnee Mission (Merriam, Kan.): To care for others, we must have enough energy left to fuel our own body, mind and spirit.

This requires a cognizant effort to provide our whole being with great self-care. For me, eating healthy, whole foods is extremely important to feel energized and ready to tackle a tough day.

It also assists with keeping our immune system working to its fullest potential and keeping the body healthy while fighting this pandemic.

Melissa Hughes, RN. Nurse in the Medical/Surgical Unit at AdventHealth Hendersonville (N.C.): My best self-care tip while working on the front lines of the pandemic is to walk, clean and work out in the garden.

Kelly Gilhousen. Clinical Nurse in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at MetroHealth System (Cleveland): To offer each other grace. Everyone is dealing with this in a different way from a different perspective.

Rochelle Smith.

Nurse Manager in the Ambulatory Network at MetroHealth System (Cleveland): I've taken the time to look on Pinterest for new recipes since eating out at a restaurant is not an option.

I've found that many of my favorite restaurant dishes I can cook at home. I've lost a few pounds, and so has my family. We are excited about all the new recipes we have planned to try this summer.

Justine Dechiara, RN. Nurse in the Medical/Surgical Unit at AdventHealth Hendersonville (N.C.): My best self-care tip while working on the front lines of the pandemic is to run more, so you can be outside and get more fresh air.

Rachel Ogilby. Clinical Nurse Specialist-Critical Care at MetroHealth System (Cleveland): Give yourself a break. Allow yourself to feel whatever emotions come up, and don't judge them.

Maybe you are feeling grateful that you have a job or that your family hasn't gotten sick. Maybe you are feeling worried or scared. You might be angry, feel guilty or saddened.

Know that all of these emotions are valid.

It's an emotional time for everyone, and it can be exhausting to have all of these feelings. Emotions surface in mysterious ways — you might be tired, cranky, weepy or have a shortened temper.

Allow yourself more rest than you normally would, and create time to do things you love even though the circumstances ly have changed.

Try not to pass judgment on yourself, and just be aware of the feelings you have as they come and go. You are awesome!

Kumarie Singh. Nurse Manager-Cancer Care at MetroHealth System (Cleveland): I limit television viewing and go for a walk or bike ride, or do yoga, baking — something fun — twice a week with my daughter. Also, I keep in touch with loved ones via FaceTime.

Julie Medas. Clinical Nurse Specialist-Neonatology at MetroHealth System (Cleveland): Walking outdoors! FaceTiming with loved ones, especially my daughter who lives in New York City, to see she is safe and healthy.

Matt Kuffel, RN. Nurse at Harrison Medical Center (Bremerton, Wash.): My best self-care tip is to make sure to stay active. I wake up and run every morning and find time daily to get outside in our yard with my kids.

I feel it's important for all of us to get outside and spend time off and away from screens.

Kevin Quick. Flight Nurse Specialist-Emergency Medicine at MetroHealth System (Cleveland): Do what you are trained to do without fear.

When off work, be off work mentally as well. Limit your news intake to one to two days a week.

Jennifer Beigie.

Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner Program Coordinator-Forensic Nursing at MetroHealth System (Cleveland): Exercise! Just getting up and moving not only has many physical benefits but has done wonders for my mental health.

Being a forensic nurse during the pandemic, I have seen a lot of domestic violence cases. These cases are sometimes mentally draining. I have a Peloton and make an effort to ride three days a week for 30 minutes, which helps me relieve stress.

Subhneet Kaur, RN. Nurse at St. Joseph Medical Center (Tacoma, Wash.): During these stressful times, self-care is extremely important to help temporarily forget about the stressful challenges thrown at us every day at work. I recommend focusing on something you enjoy or find therapeutic.

I love helping my little girl explore the outdoors or taking her on short walks. I have also collected an abundance of indoor and outdoor plants that have kept me busy! And for the nights I have extra time, I love throwing on a new [face]mask, lighting a candle and bumping my favorite music.

With everything closed and no errands to run, my skin has been looking great!

Michelle Simonelli. Nurse Manager in the Ambulatory Network at MetroHealth System (Cleveland): My greatest gift that I can give to myself and others is to try to remain positive at all times. It is important to realize that each and every one of us has to remain strong: physically, mentally and emotionally.

Even though routines and schedules have changed, I try to appreciate what I have in life now and make the most of it. I have started to eat healthier, made some changes in my exercise routine, and I am trying to make sleep more of a priority than before. Socially connecting to my friends and family has increased, and that continues to put a big smile on my face each day!

Since I am able to ease my stress level by working on the above, I come to work daily on the front lines of the pandemic and try to spread my self-care tips with my staff, providers and my patients.

Tracy Greathouse, Nursing Professional Development Specialist at MetroHealth System (Cleveland): The No. 1 best self-care tip I can suggest is prayer.

Second is asking for help/support while at work to avoid burnout — and taking days off to allow mental breaks to promote self-care.

Unfortunately, there's not much to do during this pandemic, but you can still enjoy time off by spending time with family, having a self-made spa day, watching comedy movies and taking a walk or gardening and making home improvements.

More articles on nursing:
60% of nurses say organizations don't adequately support them through pandemic stressors: 6 survey findings
Nurses say changing guidelines, unsafe conditions are pushing them to quit
The backbone of healthcare: 3 CNOs on what COVID-19 has taught us about nursing

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Four Seasons, Johns Hopkins Partner on Health and Safety Program

Top Tips for a Safe Stay at the Hospital | Johns Hopkins Medicine

(Four Seasons) Four Seasons New York, which has been accommodating medical workers on the frontline of the COVID-19 pandemic

Four Seasons Hotels and Resorts is collaborating with Johns Hopkins Medicine International to validate its new global health and safety program, Lead With Care, and provide ongoing, real-time guidance on the COVID-19 (coronavirus) situation. To support the development of procedures to be verified by Johns Hopkins, Four Seasons will be working with EcoLab and International SOS.

As part of the collaboration, Johns Hopkins Medicine International and Four Seasons have established a dedicated COVID-19 Advisory Board, bringing together Four Seasons leadership and top experts from Johns Hopkins Medicine International. The COVID-19 Advisory Board will create, enhance and review current procedures, along with virtual and in-person training to guide implementation of Lead With Care across Four Seasons global portfolio.

The Lead With Care program, Four Seasons says, is focused on providing care, confidence and comfort to all guests, employees and residents within the new COVID-19 environment. The new program outlines clear procedures that educate and empower Four Seasons employees to take care of guests and each other. 

Luxury Travel Advisor’s only newsletter, covering unique destinations and product news for affluent travelers. Delivered every Tuesday & Thursday.

Four Seasons collaboration with Johns Hopkins Medicine International will ensure the review and validation of the Lead With Care program in two phases.

 Phase One of the collaboration (Review and Validation) involves a review of Four Seasons existing health and safety procedures, along with enhanced protocols in response to the current situation at a global, regional and property level.

 Phase Two (Ongoing Guidance) provides Four Seasons with ongoing collaboration with the Johns Hopkins Medicine International team, including direct access to curated critical updates, relevant COVID-19 research outcomes and expert advice to ensure real-time adjustments to operating procedures. 

Four Seasons and Johns Hopkins will also establish a joint Response Team where senior experts in infectious diseases from Johns Hopkins will provide on-demand response and guidance to hotels facing COVID-19 situations.

While guests will see many of the enhanced Lead With Care procedures, behind-the-scenes measures will also take place through employee training, additional food handling protocols, and enhancements to ventilation systems and other back-of-the-house operations.

In addition, Four Seasons says it continues to invest in its app that further allows guests to control how they engage with others, limiting face-to-face interactions and allowing users to request luggage pickup, airport transfers, room service, restaurant and spa reservations and more.

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Top Tips for a Safe Stay at the Hospital

Top Tips for a Safe Stay at the Hospital | Johns Hopkins Medicine

Going to the hospital can be nerve-wracking, but knowing what to do before,during and after your hospital stay can give you peace of mind and help youstay safe while getting the best care.

These tips will better prepare you for a planned or unplanned stay in thehospital and may help you avoid returning to the hospital unnecessarily.

Prepare an information kit

You should prepare a kit – even if you don’t plan to go to the hospitalanytime soon.

The kit can be similar to the suitcase that pregnant women are encouragedto have ready when they are close to their delivery date. But instead ofclothes and toiletries, you should fill it with important medical andpersonal information.

This kit should include a list of your medications and dosages, diseasesand medical conditions, allergies to medications or food, and the name andcontact information of your physicians and health care providers.

Choose your decision-maker

You should identify a person you trust to make decisions on your behalf incase you are too sick to make them yourself. This person can be yourspouse, an adult child or – in the case of a minor – a parent.

Any supporting or legal documents, such as a living will or power ofattorney, should name your decision-maker and should be included in the kittoo. Make several copies of the kit because once you are in the hospital,you will give it to your doctors and caregivers. Be sure to leave theoriginal documents at home.

Bring an advocate or helper

Make sure you have an advocate or helper that can be with you during yourstay at the hospital. This can be the same person who will be yourdecision-maker. The advocate’s role is to be present when you areinteracting with your medical care team so the advocate can ensure yourneeds as a patient are met.

Always ask questions

One of the most important things you and your advocate need to do duringyour stay at the hospital is to ask questions. These questions shouldaddress what medicines you will have to take, which tests or procedureswill be done and the reason for doing them, and which appointments you willhave with doctors during your stay.

Keep moving for a speedy recovery

One of the major complications of being in the hospital is becoming weakand losing strength because of lack of movement, especially for older adultpatients.

Keep moving unless there is a medical reason you are unable to do so. Ifyou are used to walking around, take a stroll in the hallways or get out oed and sit on a chair. For every day you spend in bed, it may require fourto five days of movement recovery after you leave the hospital, so continuemoving to avoid needing that extra recovery time.

Watch out for infections

Preventing infections is another way to stay safe while in the hospital,and hand-washing is key. Anyone who comes to visit you should wash theirhands with soap and water or use hand sanitizer. Also, ask every day ifcatheters or IVs are still necessary and if they can be removed. They canbecome a risk for infection, since they are in places where bacteria canenter the body.

Get on board with your discharge plan

You or your advocate should ask about your discharge plan when you aregetting ready to be released from the hospital.

This plan will tell you which follow-up appointments you need, how soon youneed to see your primary care doctor or specialist, and if you need anyother tests done. It will also tell you who your point of contact is forarranging additional appointments and tests.

Be sure to ask for a discharge summary to give to your primary careprovider. The summary will include instructions for what to do when you gethome, what to do if you develop new symptoms, what symptoms to look for andwho to call if any problems develop.

Following these simple steps can have a huge impact on the outcome of yourhospital stay.

Alicia I. Arbaje, M.D., M.P.H., is the director of transitional care research in the Division ofGeriatric Medicine and Gerontology at Johns Hopkins Bayview MedicalCenter.